A CHILD’S SAD MEMORIES,NOT FORGOTTEN —-CONTINUED

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In January 31 1941, Cousin Domenic and his friend Frankie began sled riding piggyback on a homemade sled down the sidewalk of first street in the city of Campbell,Ohio where I grew up as a young boy. The sled was made of  old orange crates. The rungs of the sled had curtain rods nailed to the bottom to give it speed as it glided over the snow. The sled had handle grips that enabled the rider to shift his weight to help glide the sled. It had no moving parts and could not make sharp turns to the left or right such as one made in a factory.

 

Making your own sled was a common practice, it, was a simple task and easy to do.  Many children unable to afford store bought sleds made their own.  I followed behind Domenic & Frankie on my new sled as we rode down the hill, however before I reached the bottom; I turned off the sidewalk and stopped on First Street, which had been cleared of snow; I knew the sharp turn at the corner of the wall was difficult and dangerous. even with a store bought sled.

As Domenic’s sled approached the bottom of the hill, his friend Frankie rolled off on to the sidewalk when he realized they could not make the sharp turn around the corner.  Domenic, traveling too fast and unable to turn the corner, continued straight into the highway. I couldn’t believe my eyes when my sled came to a stop and I stood up. Domenic was lying in the middle of the highway; his body crushed beyond recognition. I began to cry and scream as I ran toward the corner where this horrifying sight remains with me to this day.  

Cousin Domenic died under the wheels of a Semi-trailer truck loaded with steel. I recall that day very well as I stood there with him and watched as he gave his toy handcuffs to a friend in exchange for the homemade sled that would take him to his death a few minutes later.

The poor truck driver was in shock as he sat in his truck covering his face with his hands. When he finally  got out of the truck, he fell to his knees and began crying. The children began screaming when they watched this tragic event take place.

We would never see or play with Domenic again. It was a day we would all remember for the rest of our lives. The teacher knowing we were cousins asked if I would walk Domenic’s younger brother Frankie, home. Frankie was a year older than I  and we attended school together; he had also watched this terrible accident  happen  

The teachers ushered us into the classrooms and asked to bow our heads in prayer.  Religion was a very important part of the American culture and the right thing to do. I could see the sadness on their little faces, as silence covered the classroom.

Frankie’s dad Bruno and my father Anthony were brothers; I knew how his dad would react when hearing about Domenic’s death.. He was a firm old-fashioned Italian as was my dad, and would show frustration and use profanity rather than cry and show weakness. Later when alone, he world pour his heart out. I knew how upset he would be and was afraid to go inside the house when Frankie told him of the accident. 

My mother was horrified when she heard of Domenic’s death. She was grocery shopping just a few blocks from our home when she heard the news that one of the lentini boys had died in an accident, She began screaming and dropped her groceries’ as she ran from the store.  My brother’s name is also Domenic and our last name is the same. We were often mistaken for brothers.

Each time I visited my cousin’s home, I saw Domenic’s picture hanging on the wall and it reminded me of that grief-stricken winter day.     The site of the accident being visible from our front porch caused much sadness for our family. We moved away from the school shortly after.

      Winter had passed and school closed  for summer vacation. The death of Domenic,  although not forgotten became something of the past. The great depression continued, as families struggled to survive with the little income they could earn

MEMORIES LIKE THIS BUILD CHARACTER AND STRENGTH OF MIND . THEY ENABLE YOU TO   MATURE  AND CARRY GREAT RESPONSIBILITIES.

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A NIGHT OF VIOLENCE, SUSPENSE AND ROBBERY

THE SILK STOCKING BANDITShttp://www.youngstownchronicles.com

 

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  1-Joe Sonkon

This is an interesting story of a city known for its large steel mills and population diversity. It’s a place where immigrants of all nationalities settled at the turn of the 19th century; bringing their cultural talents and ideas with them to fulfill their dreams of making a new life for their families.—- The dignity of this once proud valley was ruined when outside interests such as crime syndicates and mob infiltration into politics took advantage of the valley’s prosperity. Political corruption and violent crime in the valley became a way of life for over 70 years. This regrettably overshadowed the genuine qualities the valley had established during the early days of its growth

During the 1950s into the 1990s, Youngstown made headlines on newspapers all over the country, reporting the violence and unsolved bombings caused by the Cleveland and Pittsburgh gang wars. The city would soon become known as “Boom Town and Murder Town USA” as one Mob Syndicate after another attempted to control the various rackets that took in millions of dollars. Unfortunately, like many large cities, greed, mob influence and political corruption made Youngstown, One of the most violent crime infected cities in the nation. The prosperity created by the steel mills in the Mahoning Valley had all the necessary ingredients for crime syndicates to take advantage of and control local government officials. Gambling, prostitution and policy numbers were illegal operations that operated openly without police interference.

Starting in the early 1930s, one of the major sources of income for the mob was banking policy numbers, better known as the Bug Number, I can still recall as a young boy, when people, such as the postmen, various delivery men and even young paper boys would pick up numbers (they were called runners) from people wanting to take a chance and bet pennies to dollars hoping to be a winner. The payoff was $6.00 for each .01 cent bet or $600.00 for a $1.00. Hourly wages were very low and winning a few dollars for a penny provided funds for many items such as groceries and shoes and clothes.

The bug runners worked for the bank and collected money from various places located throughout the valley. The pickup locations were grocery stores, liquor bars and businesses where people frequently gathered. The money was then turned into a central clearing house called the numbers bank, which was controlled by the mob. Individuals running the banks sorted the numbers, counted the money and ultimately distributed it to the daily winners at the end of the day. The daily receipts turned out to be in the thousands of dollars. The winning number was picked using figures from the daily Stock Market results after it closed for the day.

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Sandy Naples Boss of the Youngstown crime mob, during the 1940s into the 1950s

 Gambling was another popular activity that took in money for the mob. This was done under the appearance of Stag Parties, which were usually held at local clubs on weekends, in the Mahoning Valley. They were sponsored by various organizations, of which a number of them were legitimate while others provided a method to make money to bribe the politicians     Gamblers from as far as Cleveland and other surrounding areas attended the stags. A permit was required to sell tickets for all political rallies and other supposedly benevolent organizations.  The process was simply a method of control by local law enforcement to root out those who failed to pay off the officials running the city and county. It alsohelped to monitor income that would be distributed among the judges and others involved including the police

      It was late in the evening; I had won some money while  gambling for a couple of hours and decided it was time to leave. As I started toward the stairway, the sound of gunshot rang out from upstairs; the room became deathly quiet. I stood still for a moment trying to gather my senses when I noticed everyone scrambling to hide their money. It was then I realized, that a robbery was about to take place. I thought to myself, what the hell did I get into, here I am with, a pocket full of money and no way out of the basement. Foolishly thinking I would be  safe I crawled under the dice table and put some of my winnings into a empty paper cup laying on the floor; I   than turned it upside down on the  floorboards covering the concrete floor  around dice table and anxiously waited.

Seconds had passed; I looked up from under the table and saw someone with a silk stocking covering his face and  standing at the top of the stairway . In front of him was a man lying on his back clutching  his leg as though  in pain.  Suddenly the bandit began kicking him until he rolled down the steps and hit the floor next to the dice table. I could see it was one of the door attendants with his pants  soaked with blood. Next to him stood one of the bandits waving a gun and yelling from the top of his lungs , all right you Motherf—kers, empty your pockets on the table and take your clothes off; hurry up, make it fast, he yelled  as he dragged the attendant across the floor to he center of the room. Another of the bandits searched the basement to make sure all the gamblers were within site, unfortunately he  found someone  hiding in the bathroom and ruthlessly pistol whipped him.  The man who was now bleeding from a large gash on his face, was then pushed to the floor alongside the helpless door attendant. The bandits hurriedly gathered their loot and left.

It would be some 30 years later  after returning  to Youngstown, that  I learned who  robbed us that  night of the  stag. It appears one of them was a hit-man by the name of Ray Ferritto from Eire Pennsylvania.   Ferritto was arrested in 1980 for killing Danny Green, the Irish gangster   from a Cleveland mob. Ferritto hearing the Mafia had put  a contract out on him ,went into the Witness  Protection program.    He provided information that broke up the Cleveland Syndicate   and send more than 15 men to prison. He left the protection program after a year and told the FBI that  if the Mafia wanted him they can come and get him. He died in 2004 of natural causes. The mob never came to get him.

 

 

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THE 1937 LITTLE STEEL STRIKE IN THE MAHONING VALLEY

Anthony LentiniDeDomenico Lentinime in 1960Scan0005

 

ANTHONY LENTINI,        GRANDFATHER  DEDOMINCO LENTINI AND THOMAS LENTINI

 

IN MEMORY TO MY FATHER ON THIS 80TH YEAR OF HIS DEATH

In the 1937, steel workers in the Mahoning Valley’s went on strike; the newspaper called it the “Little Steel Strike” The major issues at the bargaining table were wages, pensions, and safe working conditions. When the strike shut down the local steel mills, picket lines began to appear, violence erupted causing at least two people to die, and over forty workers were injured.  Ohio National Guard and State Police were called in to protect many of the Steel workers who crossed the picket lines to enter the mills..  During the Great Depreciation, people living in the cities along the Mahoning River suffered severely from the lost of thousands of dollars in wages. In return, the steel unions had become progressively stronger and soon became the precursor to the United Steel Workers of America.

One day during “The little Steel Strike,” My father Anthony Lentini began driving from our farm in to the city of Youngstown. He was to meet with friends and talk about the ongoing steel strike.  He was not aware that I was in the back seat lying on the floor covered with a potato sack. I was four years old at the time and knew he wouldn’t let me go with him because of the violence on the picket lines that had killed a couple of workers and injured many more. As he drove down the country road he noticed the sack moving and without saying a word, he turned the car around and drove back home. I thought I was going to catch the dickens but instead, after a few words of wisdom; he gave me a hug and sent me into the house,

There was always something interesting happening on our farm , I recall dad going into the barn one afternoon and suddenly, our dog came running out, yelping and barking, close behind him was dad swearing and swinging a shovel; he was trying to hit the dog but it ran to fast. I couldn’t understand what had happened ,because dad loved the dog and it was always by his side. I ask mom what was wrong and she said dad couldn’t figure out why he was not getting as much milk as he normally did. until he caught the dog sucking milk from the cow’s teats. Dad had an awful temper ,but a couple of days later he and his dog were friends again.

Spring was here and dad was adding a room onto our small farmhouse to prepare for the birth of my younger sister Antoinette. he noticed  a broken fence post,and immediately began  repairing it to keep our cow from running loose. Suddenly it began to rain and mom made me go into the house. Dad continued working in the rain and a few days later he became sick with pneumonia. I still can see him sitting near the potbelly stove in the center of our small farmhouse with his feet in warm water and a blanket warm wine mother had given him. A week later the doctor realizing dad wasn’t getting any better called for an ambulance to take him to the hospital. That was the last time we saw dad alive. He died on May 31 1938 at he age of 42.I recall that day very well when my uncle held me up to kiss dad goodby before they closed his coffin.

I remember many events of my youth but none as sad   as the  death of my father in 1938, the loss of our family farm during the great depression and  the unfortunate memory  of watching my cousin Domenic  die  under wheels of a truck loaded with steel while sled riding in January 1941.  

In my later years I took a trip trip to father’s village in Italy and found many cousins including the information about my Grandfather and Grand Mother. her name was Theresa Vasachi in which my older sister and cousin was named for.

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OBAMA THE TRAITOR IN AMERICA.

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GOD BLESS PRESIDENT TRUMP! He loves America and takes no salary. Learn your history. The nazis are the left. OBAMA AND HIS OLINSKY MARXIST  WAYS HAVE TRIED TO RUIN AMERICA. They want to control all speech and shut down anyone who does not agree with them. Their protests are akin to the brown shirts of Hitler. It is sad that these people hate America which gave them their freedoms to spill their hate speech. If you don’t like America, get the hell out. I will help you pack. I am a proud Navy vet and my oath did not end with my honorable discharge. I will always stand for America and I am proud to have President Trump as my commander in chief. Je stands tall for our country and for God. That is why the crazy left hates him.They want to end our Constitution and eliminate God from America and President Trump will not let that happen. Stand together Patriots and stand and support President Trump. He is standing for us, despite all the hate constantly thrown at him every day.The leftists need to learn TRUE American history, not the revised history they . preach. He and Hillery Clint need to be indicted and put in prison. Muelller needs to be removed form the witch hunt and investigated for his own involvement in the  crimes he committed. He was part of the Uranium sales to Russia .

As  a rebuttal to trump for pulling out of the Paris agreement, Obama continues to to find ways to stay involved in the movement to destroy our American  freedoms and our Constitution

In a written statement, Mr. Obama commented on Trump’s withdrawal from the accord. “[E]ven as this administration joins a small handful of nations that reject the future,” he wrote, “I’m confident that our states, cities and businesses will step up and do even more to lead the way and help protect for future generations the one planet we’ve got.”

Mr. Obama has left office, but he is still doing all he can to promote his agenda,to destroy America. Here he is encouraging states, cities and businesses to undermine the policy established by the president.

This man  underhandedly, autocratically signed America up to the Paris Agreement. That is the way he governed for eight years. He said he wanted to “fundamentally transform the United States of America” and he did so. He flaunted the law and the constitutional limits of his office to do what he wanted. He assumed power that wasn’t his.  Like many other of Mr. Obama’s actions, the Paris Agreement weakened America and empowered America’s critics and enemies. That has been his intent from the beginning!

The weaker America is, the more vulnerable it becomes to being controlled. That is exactly what the radical left wants. It is using the issue of the environment in order to get it. The Obama administration didn’t want to get climate change under control; it wanted to get America under its control! Proponents of deals like this want to control the world. Unless we drain the Washington swamp and get rid of this shadow government ,America will continue as a  misguided nation that existed for the past 8 years .

It’s time American woke up and stopped dividing the nation into losers and winners,but instead make it one nation of patriots ; we will lose everything we fought to become over the last two hundred and fifty years.

obama

THE WORLD’S BIGGEST STEEL PRODUCING COMPANIES IN 2017

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Total crude steel production in 2017 exceeded 1.689 billion metric tonnes, up 3.67 percent from 2016. ​That is an increase in annual production of 62 million metric tonnes. The world’s 10 largest steel producers accounted for approximately 25 percent of this production.

Companies and their yearly productions are listed below, taken directly from the World Steel Association. Their production numbers are indicated in millions of metric tonnes (MMT).

    • 01

       ArcelorMittal SA – 97.03 MMT

      ArcelorMittal S.A.(BME) was the world’s largest steel producer in 2017, accounting for more than 6 percent of global crude steel production. Headquartered in Luxembourg, ArcelorMittal has operations in over 60 countries and annual gross revenues in excess of US $68 billion in 2017.

    •  China Baowu Steel Group – 65.39 MMT

      The largest Chinese producer on this list, China Baoqu Steel Group produced almost 20 million more metric tonnes than the third highest producer. A smaller producer initially, a merger with Wuhan Iron and Steel Corporation in 2016 nearly doubled the output for this state-owned production powerhouse.

    • 03

       NSSMC Group – 47.36 MMT

      Nippon Steel & Sumimoto Metal (formerly Nippon Steel Company before a high-profile 2012 merger) is Japan’s largest steel manufacturer, producing roughly 48 million metric tons of crude steel in 2017. Nippon Steel employs over 50,000 staff and is traded on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. In 2012, the newly formed company had almost 61,000 employees. Shortly before the merger, the steel giant won the Fray International Sustainability Award, for their foray into sustainable steel manufacturing processes.

  • 04

     HBIS Group – 45.56 MMT

    HBIS is another Chinese state-owned steel producer, but they are involved in businesses beyond steel production and into global marketing and technology R&D. Their steel production arm employed over 120,000 people in 2017, and they boast on their website of producing over 200 steel products that serve as import substitutions. in 2017, MIT recognized one of their plants as being “the cleanest steel plant in the world.”

  • 05

     POSCO – 42.19 MMT

    Established in 1968, Pohang Iron and Steel Company (POSCO) operates two integrated steel mills in South Korea and a joint venture with U.S. Steel (USS-POSCO) in California. Major steel products include hot rolled steel, steel plate, wire rod, cold rolled steel, electrical steel, and stainless steel products. In 2017, POSCO posted revenues of $53.6 billion, an increase of 14.3 percent over 2016.

  • 06

     Shagang Group – 38.35 MMT

    Founded in 1975, Shagang Group controls assets worth of $26 billion, and in 2017 was number 364 on the Forbes Global 500 list. According to their website, they employ over 30,000 staff members, and produce almost as much iron as they do steel. The group posted revenues of $32.56 billion in 2017, with an increase in profits of 201 percent from the year prior.

  • 07

     Ansteel – 35.76 MMT

    Angang Steel Co. Ltd. (Ansteel) is the second-largest Chinese state-owned steel producer. Founded in 1997 and headquartered in Anshan, in northeastern China, the company had operating revenues of $26.21 billion in 2017. Although impressive, Ansteel saw a harsh drop in profits, down $1.297 billion that same year.

  • 08

     JFE Holdings – 30.15 MMT

    JFE Holdings Inc. (TYO) is the parent company of JFE Steel Corp., one of the world’s largest integrated steel producers. Operating two major steelworks in Japan, JFE Steel was formed in 2002 as a result of the merging of NKK and Kawasaki Steel Corp. The company is actively traded on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. They produce all manner of steel products, from steel sheets and stainless steels to less conventional products like iron powders.

  • 09

     Shougang Group – 27.63 MMT

    Based in Beijing, Shougang Group was founded in 1919 and is still a top contender in the Chinese steel market, even operating an iron mine in Peru (the only iron mine in the country).  They are majority owned by the Government of Beijing, which probably did not  like the -13.5 percent loss in revenues experienced in 2017. Despite the revenue drop, the group still turned a profit of $3.3 billion, employing over 139,000 people.

  • 10

     Tata Steel – 25.11 MMT

    Tata Steel (formerly Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited) is a subsidiary of the Tata Group. Established in 1907, Tata Steel had a great 2017 with revenues up 30 percent. With operations in India, the company employs around 75,000 staff members across five continents. As of summer 2018, Tata Steel is the largest steel producer in India.

Historical Catholic Church, built in 1800s to be torn down.

Photo of Immaculate Conception Church - Youngstown, OH, United States

Church built in 1800s could be torn down to make way for Chill-Can

The former Immaculate Conception Church is the oldest Catholic church still standing in the City of Youngstown

YOUNGSTOWN SHEET AND TUBE “THE GREAT STEEL STRIKE OF 1919”

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In 1919 ,represented by the American Federation of labor, workers  went on strike against the United States steel Corporation . Eventually workers at other companies joined the strike. Because this labor unrest eventually involved more than 350,000 workers ,the walkout is known as the Great Steel Strike of 1919.

The largest strike occurred among steel workers from September to January 1920. Workers demanded higher wages ,an eight hour workday, and recognition of unions.  In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many workers including workers in the steel industry, faced difficulty working, long hours and low wages. Workers organized unions to  address these issues, but those unions were rarely successful in improving workers conditions. During World War I, the situation briefly improved , as employers were concerned with war time production needs and did not want workers to go on strike.  Once the war was over the improvements did not last. Inflation after the war made it even more difficult for workers to stretch their pay to cover their families’ basic needs. Many workers went on strike during this period , hoping to force their employers to raise wages and improve conditions.

Despite efforts to organize workers , conditions in the steel industry remained harsh. Steelworkers put in an average of 68.7 hours a week, considerably more than workers in other industries. In addition , wages were low and working conditions hazardous . In 1918, Samuel Gompers and the American Federation of Labor  (AFL) launched an organizing drive among steel and iron workers,which ,targeted industry giant U. S, Steel in its Gary, Indiana ,and Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania  plants. The company had a long history of anti-unionism and vowed to resist the organizing efforts at all costs. 

Despite opposition from local official’s U.S. Steel’s threat to use replacement workers to break the union, the organizing committee succeeded in unionizing 100,000 steelworkers by June 1919. the effort succeeded because organizers aggressively recruited  foreign-born unskilled laborers, to whom they portrayed  union as patriotic and an integral part of the fight against Kaiser Wilhelm and Germany. U.S. steel responded by reiterated its commitment to maintaining a non-union workplace. the company fired suspected union organizers and leaders . However its efforts backfired and this increased rank and file support for the union.

The Great  Steel Strike of 1919 proved to be a dismal failure for the steel workers.  Company owners portrayed the workers as  dangerous radicals who threatened the American way of life praying on many American fears of Communism during that era.

Because many of the striking workers were recent immigrants, owners were able to portray them as instigators of trouble. A leader among the radicals was Ohioan Norman Z.Foster,a prominent advocate of socialism. Government officials  used National Guard troops and Federal troops to put down the strike in many cities, leading to violence and even workers deaths in some cases.Because the steel industry was important in Ohio at this time , the Great Steel Strike had a major influence on a number of Ohio cities. The strike also influence political issues. In Canton Ohio , Mayor Charles E. Poorman’s  response led to his defeat in the next election. Governor James Cox was able to use the situation in Canton to his own political advantage.

In 1919, the National Committee demanded a significant wage increase ,an eight-hour workday ,the abolition of company unions ;the rehiring of workers fired for unions activities,and union recognition. 

In 1923,Youngstown Sheet and Tube purchased the assets of Brier Hill Steel Company  located in Youngstown as well as the facilitates of the Steel Tube Company of America in East Chicago and Indiana Harbor. IN. making it the fifth largest steel maker in the United States and the largest employee in the Mahoning Valley. The word ‘Iron’ was dropped from the company’s name in 1905.

The home plant of YS&T was known as the Campbell Works located in Campbell and Struthers ,Ohio.  This plant contained four blast furnaces, twelve open hearth furances, blooming Mills, Bessemer converters, a slabbing mill, a butt weld tube mill , a 79″ hot strip mill and  Seamless tube mills, 

There were also 9″ and 12″ bar mills located in Struthers,Ohio. The Brier Works consisted of two blast furances named Grace and Jeannette,twelve open hearth furances ,40″ blooming mill ,35″intermediate blooming mill,24″ round mill,84″ and 132″ plate mills including an electric  weld tube mill.  During The Depression the Brier Hill works was shut down,but reopened in 1937.

 In 1916 Sheet and Tube workers at the East Youngstown plant rioted during a strike over working conditions , which resulted in most of the town’s business district being burned to the ground. the strike was finally quelled  by arrival of Nation guard troops. After the riots, East Youngstown was renamed Campbell in honor of the Company’s president. In 1937, Youngstown Sheet and tube played a prominent  role in the Little Steel Strike . along with Republic Steel, Inland Steel ,Bethlehem Steel , and Weirton Steel. The so called “Little Steel group” led by Republic’s Tom Girdler, operated independently of U.S. Steel. Violence during the strike resulted in deaths of workers in Chicago and Youngstown.

In 1952,during the Korean War ,President Harry S. Truman attempted to seize U.S> Steel mills in order to avert a strike. this led to the U.S. Supreme Court to limit presidential authority.    The company abruptly closed its Campbell works and furloughed 5,000 workers on September 19,1977, a day remembered locally as “Black Monday.” The Brier Hill Works and company’s in Indiana were sold to Jones and Laughlin Steel, later acquired by Ling-Temco Vought (LTV), a conglomerate.  The Brier Hill works closed in 1979 as part of a continued wave of steel mill closings that devastated the Youngstown economy. The Brier Hill Works eventually reopened and presently is operated as V&M Star Ohio, The mill is a recycling mini-mill owned by the Vallourec Group, a French conglomerate.  

ACTUAL SIGNING OF THE INSTRUMENT OF SURRENDER OF WORLD WAR II

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We hereby proclaim the unconditional surrender to the Allied Powers of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and of all Japanese Armed Forces and all Armed Forces under Japanese control wherever situated.We, acting by command of and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan, the Japanese Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, hereby accept the provisions in the declaration issued by the heads of the government of the United States, China and Great Britain 26 July 1945 at Potsdam, and subsequently adhered to by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic, which four powers are hereafter referred to as the Allied Powers.

 We hereby command the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters to issue at once orders to the commanders of all Japanese Forces and all forces under Japanese control wherever situated to surrender unconditionally themselves and all forces under their control.e hereby command all Japanese wherever situated and the Japanese people to cease hostilities fort with, to preserve and save from damage all ships, aircraft, and military and civil property, and to comply with all requirements which may be imposed by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers or by agencies of the Japanese Government at his direction.

     We hereby command all civil, military, and naval officials to obey and enforce all proclamations, orders and directives deemed by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers to be proper to effectuate this surrender and issue by him or under his direction; and we direct all such officials to remain at their posts and to continue to perform their non-combatant duties unless specifically relieved by him or under his authority

     We hereby undertake for the Emperor            , the Japanese Government and their successors to carry out the provisions of the Potsdam Declaration in good faith, and to issue whatever orders and take whatever action by the Supreme commander for the Allied Powers or by any other designated representative of the Allied Powers for the purpose of giving effect to the that declaration.

     We hereby command the Japanese Imperial Government and the Japanese Imperial Headquarters at once to liberate all Allied Prisoners of War and civilian internees now under Japanese control and to provide for their protection, care, maintenance, and immediate transportation to p[aces as directed.     

     The authority of the Emperor and the Japanese Government to rule the state shell be subject to the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers ,who as he deems proper to effectuate this terms of surrender.

   Signed at TOKYO BAY ,JAPAN on the SECOND day of SEPTEMBER  1945 

 Mamoru Shigemitsu :Behalf of the Emperor of Japan

. (9;04 a.m.)

Yoshijiro Umezu

By Command and in behalf of the Japanese Imperial Headquarters. (9:06 a.m.)

Accepted at TOKYO BAY, JAPAN at 9:08 on the SECOND day of  SEPTEMBER ,1945      for the United States ,Republic of China, United Kingdom and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic, and in the interests of the other United Nations at war with Japan

 


       •  GeneraMacArthur: Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (9:08 a.m.)

       •  W, Nimitz :United States (9:12 a.m.)

       •  Hsu Yung-Ch’angRepublic of China(9:13 a.m.)

      •   Bruce Fraser :United Kingdom ( 9:14 a.m.)

      •   Kuzma Derevyanko: Soviet Republic (9:16 a.m.)

      •  Thomas Blamey: for Australia (9:17 a.m.)

      •  Moore Cosgrave: Dominion of Canada 9:18 a.m.)

      •  Jacques Leclerc: French Republic (9:20a.m.)

      •  Lieutenant Admiral.Celfrich: Netherlands (9:20a.m.)

      •  Air Vice-Marshal M. Isitt: New Zeland (9:22 a.m.,)

 

The Allied Powers and the Japanese Emperor signed the “Instrument of Surrender” aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay on September 2 1945. World War II was officially over.

 

 

 

YOUNGSTOWN CONFIDENTIAL. (CORRUPTION AT ITS BEST)

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Former Youngstown Mayor, And Finance Director Indicted on Public Corruption Charges

Monday, September 3, 2018 .Special to HNN Provided by Ohio Attorney General Mike DeWine

(YOUNGSTOWN, Ohio)—Ohio Attorney General Mike DeWine, Ohio Auditor of State Dave Yost, and Mahoning County Prosecuting Attorney Paul Gains announced that a Mahoning County grand jury has indicted the former mayor and finance director of Youngstown on public corruption charges. The indictment is part of an ongoing public corruption probe of corrupt activity which includes a Poland, Ohio, businessman who was previously indicted on corruption charges last year.

Charles Sammarone, 75, of Youngstown, was indicted on the following charges:

  • One count of Engaging in a Pattern of Corrupt Activity, a felony of the first degree
  • Nine counts of Bribery, felonies of the third degree
  • Three counts of Tampering with Records, felonies of the third degree
  • One count of Falsification, a misdemeanor of the first degree

 David Bozanich, 61, of Youngstown, was indicted on the following charges:

  • One count of Engaging in a Pattern of Corrupt Activity, a felony of the first degree
  • Two counts of Aggravated Theft, felonies of the first degree
  • 15 counts of Bribery, felonies of the third degree

One count of Obstructing Justice, a felony of the fifth degree     Sammarone served as Mayor of Youngstown from 2011 to 2013. The indictment alleges that Sammarone solicited and received recurring cash payments from a vendor in return for steering projects to the company.The indictment also serves as a superseding indictment for Dominic Marchionda, 58, of Poland, and his affiliated businesses which were previously indicted on October 2, 2017, on charges including Engaging in a Pattern of Corrupt Activity, Aggravated Theft, Money Laundering, Receiving Stolen Property, Tampering with Records, and Telecommunications Fraud. The indictment includes new charges of Theft pertaining to insurance funds for the Legal Arts building and Money Laundering for laundering the stolen insurance funds related to the Legal Arts building.     Bozanich served as Finance Director of Youngstown until December 2017. The indictment alleges that Bozanich received benefits from several individuals and in return agreed to assist in securing public funding from the city for economic development projects, including Marchionda’s.

These indictments should make clear to the people of the Mahoning Valley that our investigators and forensic auditors will not relent until we’ve taken down the last crook standing. The abuses we’ve uncovered are maddening, especially for an area of our state that has been challenged economically,” Auditor Dave Yost said. “Our work here is not complete, and we will continue to partner with Attorney General DeWine and the Mahoning County sheriff and prosecutor in this investigation until we’ve rooted out all of the corruption in the valley.”he people of Youngstown deserve to have confidence in their elected officials, but the indictments announced today show a repeated pattern of bribery and corrupt activity,” said Attorney General Mike De Wine. “There has been tremendous cooperation in this case from my office,  Auditor of State Dave Yost, Prosecutor Paul Gains, Sheriff Jerry Green, and others who have worked hard to bring these charges to light in order to seek justice.”

     This ongoing case is being investigated by the Ohio Auditor of State’s Public Integrity Assurance Team with the assistance of the Mahoning County Sheriff’s Department. The Ohio Attorney General’s  Office is serving as special assistant prosecutor with Mahoning County in this case. An indictment is merely an accusation, and the defendants are presumed innocent until and unless proven guilty.

THE WORLD’S LARGEST PRODUCERS OF STEEL .

http://stories of interest

# 01

 ArcelorMittal SA – 97.03 MMT

Total crude steel production in 2017 exceeded 1.689 billion metric tonnes, up 3.67 percent from 2016. ​That is an increase in annual production of 62 million metric tonnes. The world’s 10 largest steel producers accounted for approximately 25 percent of this production. Companies and their yearly productions are listed below, taken directly from the World Steel Association. Their production numbers are indicated in millions of metric tonnes (MMT).

# 02

 China Baowu Steel Group – 65.39 MMT

The largest Chinese producer on this list, China Baoqu Steel Group produced almost 20 million more metric tonnes than the third highest producer. A smaller producer initially, a merger with Wuhan Iron and Steel Corporation in 2016 nearly doubled the output for this state-owned production powerhouse.

# 03

 NSSMC Group – 47.36 MMT

Nippon Steel & Sumimoto Metal (formerly Nippon Steel Company before a high-profile 2012 merger) is Japan’s largest steel manufacturer, producing roughly 48 million metric tons of crude steel in 2017. Nippon Steel employs over 50,000 staff and is traded on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. In 2012, the newly formed company had almost 61,000 employees. Shortly before the merger, the steel giant won the Fray International Sustainability Award, for their foray into sustainable steel manufacturing processes.

# 04

 HBIS Group – 45.56 MMT

HBIS is another Chinese state-owned steel producer, but they are involved in businesses beyond steel production and into global marketing and technology R&D. Their steel production arm employed over 120,000 people in 2017, and they boast on their website of producing over 200 steel products that serve as import substitutions. in 2017, MIT recognized one of their plants as being “the cleanest steel plant in the world.”

# 05

 POSCO – 42.19 MMT

Established in 1968, Pohang Iron and Steel Company (POSCO) operates two integrated steel mills in South Korea and a joint venture with U.S. Steel (USS-POSCO) in California. Major steel products include hot rolled steel, steel plate, wire rod, cold rolled steel, electrical steel, and stainless steel products. In 2017, POSCO posted revenues of $53.6 billion, an increase of 14.3 percent over 2016.

# 06

 Shagang Group – 38.35 MMT

Founded in 1975, Shagang Group controls assets worth of $26 billion, and in 2017 was number 364 on the Forbes Global 500 list. According to their website, they employ over 30,000 staff members, and produce almost as much iron as they do steel. The group posted revenues of $32.56 billion in 2017, with an increase in profits of 201 percent from the year prior.

# 07

 Ansteel – 35.76 MMT

Angang Steel Co. Ltd. (Ansteel) is the second-largest Chinese state-owned steel producer. Founded in 1997 and headquartered in Anshan, in northeastern China, the company had operating revenues of $26.21 billion in 2017. Although impressive, Ansteel saw a harsh drop in profits, down $1.297 billion that same year.

# 08

 JFE Holdings – 30.15 MMT

JFE Holdings Inc. (TYO) is the parent company of JFE Steel Corp., one of the world’s largest integrated steel producers. Operating two major steelworks in Japan, JFE Steel was formed in 2002 as a result of the merging of NKK and Kawasaki Steel Corp. The company is actively traded on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. They produce all manner of steel products, from steel sheets and stainless steels to less conventional products like iron powders.

# 09

 Shougang Group – 27.63 MMT

Based in Beijing, Shougang Group was founded in 1919 and is still a top contender in the Chinese steel market, even operating an iron mine in Peru (the only iron mine in the country).  They are majority owned by the Government of Beijing, which probably did not  like the -13.5 percent loss in revenues experienced in 2017. Despite the revenue drop, the group still turned a profit of $3.3 billion, employing over 139,000 people.

# 10

 Tata Steel – 25.11 MMT

Tata Steel (formerly Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited) is a subsidiary of the Tata Group. Established in 1907, Tata Steel had a great 2017 with revenues up 30 percent. With operations in India, the company employs around 75,000 staff members across five continents. As of summer 2018, Tata Steel is the largest steel producer in India.

“YOUNGSTOWN OHIO” CITY OF STEEL MAKING

How Steel is Made: a Brief Summary of a Blast Furnace:

How Steel is Made with Blast FurnanceThere are two types of metals, ferrous & non-ferrous. Ferrous comes from, or contains iron, while Non-Ferrous does not contain iron.

Some examples of ferrous metals would be mild steel, cast iron, high strength steel, and tool steels.Modern steel-making can be broken down into six steps: Iron-making, which is the first step, involves the raw inputs of iron ore, coke, and lime being melted in a blast furnace. The resulting molten iron, also referred to as hot metal, still contains 4 to 4.5 percent carbon and other impurities that make it brittle.

Examples of non-ferrous metals would be copper, aluminum, magnesium, titanium, etc.To make steel, iron ore is first mined from the ground. It is then smelted in blast furnaces where the impurities are removed and carbon is added. In fact, a very simple definition of steel is “iron alloyed with carbon, usually less than 1%.”

The following text is taken from the Structural Manual For Ironworker Manual V-Volume I.

Blast furnaces require many auxiliary facilities to support their operations. However, in simplest terms, the furnace itself is a huge steel shell almost cylindrical in shape and lined with heat-resistant brick. Once started, or “blown-in,” the furnace operates continuously until the refractory lining needs renewal or until demand for iron drops to the point where the furnace is closed down. The duration of furnace operations from start to finish is referred to as a “campaign” and may last several years.

Iron ore and other iron bearing materials, coke and limestone are charged into the furnace from the top and work their way down, becoming hotter as they sink in the body of the furnace which is called the stack. In the top half of the furnace, gas from burning coke removes a great deal of oxygen from the iron ore. About halfway down, limestone begins to react with impurities in the ore and the coke to form a slag.

The three raw materials used in making pig iron (which is the raw material needed to make steel) are the processed iron ore, coke (residue left after heating coal in the absence of air, generally containing up to 90% carbon) and limestone (CaCO3) or burnt lime (CaO), which are added to the blast furnace at intervals, …Steel can theoretically be recycled indefinitely, with the remelting and alloying process ensuring its quality. That requires energy, but much less than to make new steel, and it needs no new source of carbon so is generally produced in electric arc furnaces. Coke is used as a fuel and a reducing agent in melting iron ore. It is produced by baking coal until it becomes carbon by burning off impurities without burning up the coal itself. When coke is consumed it generates intense heat but little smoke,making it ideal for smelting iron and steel.

Ash from the coke is absorbed by the slag. Some silica in the ore is reduced to silicon and dissolves in the iron as does some carbon in the coke. At the bottom of the furnace where temperatures rise well over 3000 Fahrenheit, molten slag floats on a pool of molten iron which is four or five feet deep. Because the slag floats on top of the iron it is possible to drain it off through a slag notch in the furnace. The molten iron is released from the hearth of the furnace through a tap hole.

The tapping of iron and slag is the major factor permitting additional materials to be charged at the furnace top.To create a ton of pig iron, you start with 2 tons (1.8 metric tons) of ore, 1 ton of coke (0.9 metric tons) and a half ton (0.45 metric tons) of limestone. The fire consumes 5 tons (4.5 metric tons) of air. The temperature at the core of the blast furnace reaches nearly 3,000 degrees F (about 1,600 degrees C)

This brief summary of the complex operations of a blast furnace is presented here to provide a point of reference for the actual flow of operations. Very often, several blast furnaces may be arranged in a single plant so that the most efficient possible use can be made of fuels, internal rail facilities, etc. A great site for how steel is made

The process of making steel was developed by…Sir Henry Bessemer, (born Jan. 19, 1813, Charlton, Hertfordshire, Eng.—died March 15, 1898, London), inventor and engineer who developed the first process for manufacturing steel inexpensively (1856), leading to the development of the Bessemer converter. He was knighted in 1879.

Andrew Carnegie invented steel in the United states.in 1860s – Following the American Civil War, the country’s steel production grew with astonishing speed, led by Scottish-American industrialist, Andrew Carnegie. 1868 – Tungsten steel arrives, invented by Robert Mushet.J

(Harry Brearley)  There is a widely held view that stainless steel was discovered in 1913 by Sheffield metallurgist Harry Brearley. He was experimenting with different types of steel for weapons and noticed that a 13% Chromium steel had not corroded after several months.
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LOWELLVILLE ,OHIO “STORIES OF INTEREST”

http://stories of interest

 

LOWELLVILLE,OHIO

Bandits besieged the car of three men from Johnston Limestone Quarry  resulting in a shootout that left one bandit and one young quarry worker dead. One of the surviving victims fled the scene back to town, where he raised a posse of more than a hundred men and proceeded to hunt down one of the bandits and recover $9,700 of the $17,000 stolen from the quarry workers.The bandit, Moyek Zorko, was found hiding at the top of a tree and was shot down by the posse before he could draw his gun.

That story ran in the Nov. 16, 1917, edition of The Vindicator, and is one of many tales of wild happenings in and around the village of Lowellville documented in Roslyn I. Torella’s new book, “Lowellville, Ohio: Murders, Mayhem & More.”Lowellville today is known more for excellent Italian food, car shows and the Baby Doll Dance, but the village at the turn of the 20th century was not lacking in excitement, for better or worse.

Torella, born and raised in Lowellville but now living in Maryland, began working on the book in 2013 as a birthday gift for her father, David Torella.“He was a life-long Lowellville resident, and always told me stories about what it was like when he was a kid, and he’d tell me all the stories he’d heard growing up as well,” Torella said. “He loved history, and I thought it’d be a perfect gift.”

The book in its current form — available on Amazon and at Ross Market in Lowellville — is an expanded version of the book she made for her father. Compiled from newspaper stories, historical and genealogical records, the book’s chapters each focuses on a different kind of dramatic incident; one chapter examines “tales of love, and some gone wrong” while another documents “horrific accidents.” Topics range from the calamitous in “murders and tragic incidents” to the light-hearted — and sometimes salacious — “celebrations.”

One of Torella’s favorite stories in the book — aside from the Johnston Quarry shootout — documented the ill-fated 1904 Lowellville Street Fair, during which Lowellville merchants and the general populace banded together to throw a huge festival on Water Street .The merchants hoped the event would put Lowellville on the map, but instead the celebration generated negative press for its “hoochee-coochee” shows – naked women dancing in tents – prevalence of swindlers running rigged games of skill and gamblers from Youngstown who “fleeced everybody right and left.”

Torella will be in Lowellville today from 5 to 7 p.m. at the car show on Water Street for a book signing. In case of rain, she’ll sign books on the second floor of City Hall.

One last story: In 1910, a freight crew found a man next to a Baltimore and Ohio rail track holding his legs, which had been severed below the knees. The man asked his rescuers for a cigarette and complained about going so long without a smoke while explaining that he’d fallen off a train while stealing a ride. He picked up his legs and crawled a quarter mile before he stopped and “prayed for the light.” He didn’t survive the incident.

Lowellville is just a short distance from the village of HillsviLle where the Notorious ,BLACKHAND  WAS ACTIVE DURING THE EARLY PART OF THE 19TH CENTURY.

AL CAPONE “SCARFACE” CHICAGO MOBSTER.

Al Capone, by name of Alphonse Capone, also called Scarface, (born January 17, 1899, BrooklynNew York, U.S.—died January 25, 1947, Palm Island, Florida), the most famous American gangster, who dominated organized crime in Chicago from 1925 to 1931.

Capone’s parents immigrated to the United States from Naples in 1893. Al, the fourth of nine children, grew up in Brooklyn, New York. He attended school until the sixth grade, quitting school at age 14 after striking a teacher. He worked a variety of odd jobs—as a candy store clerk, a bowling alley pin boy, a laborer in an ammunition plant, and a cutter in a book bindery—all the while serving in the South Brooklyn Rippers and Forty Thieves Juniors, two “kid gangs”—that is, bands of delinquent children known for vandalism and petty crime that were common in New York at the time.

Capone also became a member of the James Street Boys gang during this period, which was run by Johnny Torrio, the man that would become his lifelong mentor, and associated with the Five Points gang. At age 16 Capone became a member of the Five Points gang and served aspiring mobster Francesco Ioele (Torrio’s associate, more commonly known as Frankie Yale) as a bartender in Yale’s brothel-saloon, the Harvard Inn.

Before Capone turned 21, he was involved in several violent incidents. In a youthful scrape at the Harvard Inn, a young hoodlum named Frank Galluccio slashed Capone with a knife or razor across his left cheek after Capone made a crude comment to Galluccio’s sister, prompting the later nickname “Scarface.” Capone later shot the winner of a neighbourhood craps game to death as he robbed him of his winnings. Despite being questioned by the police, Capone was let go because no one had witnessed the murder. In another incident, Capone brutally assaulted a low-level member of the rival White Hand gang and left him for dead. Since White Hand gang leaders promised retribution, Yale sent Capone, his wife, and his young child to Chicago to work for Torrio.

Torrio had moved from New York to Chicago in 1909 to help run the giant brothel business under Chicago crime boss Big Jim Colosimo. Shortly after Capone’s arrival in the city in 1919, Colosimo was assassinated by either Yale or Capone himself in 1920 to make way for Torrio’s rule. As Prohibitionbegan, new bootlegging operations opened up and drew in immense wealth. In 1924 Capone was responsible for the murder of Joe Howard in retribution for Howard’s earlier assault of one of Capone’s friends. William McSwiggin, an aggressive prosecutor, attempted but failed to indict Capone when the eyewitnesses to the killing, fearing harm, lost their nerve and their memories of the incident. Later that year Torrio and Capone enlisted Yale and other associates to murder gang leader Dion O’Bannion in his flower shop. O’Bannion’s associates Hymie Weiss and George (“Bugs”) Moran were unsuccessful in their attempt to kill Torrio in early 1925.

After a stint in prison, Torrio retired to Italy, and Capone became crime czar of Chicago, running gamblingprostitution, and bootlegging rackets and expanding his territories by gunning down rivals and rival gangs. In 1926 Capone went into hiding for three months after he and some of his gunmen inadvertently killed McSwiggin while attacking other rivals. (That evening McSwiggin had been out drinking with two childhood friends, who were also beer runners, and other criminals when he was gunned down in the street.) Again Capone went unpunished. His wealth in 1927 was estimated at close to $100 million. The most notorious of the bloodlettings was the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre, in which seven members of Bugs Moran’s gang were machine-gunned in a garage on Chicago’s North Side on February 14, 1929. Also in 1929, Capone served some 10 months in Holmesburg Prison, in Philadelphia, after being convicted of possessing a concealed handgun. Many Americans were fascinated by the larger-than-life image of Capone. Indeed, the motion picture Scarface: The Shame of a Nation (1932), directed by Howard Hawks, starred Paul Muni in the role of a gangster loosely based on Capone, who reputedly obtained a copy of the film for private screenings.

On June 5, 1931, Capone was indicted for 22 counts of federal income-tax evasion for the years 1925 through 1929. On June 12 Capone and others were charged with conspiracy to violate Prohibition laws for the years 1922 to 1931. In October Capone was tried, found guilty on three of the 23 counts, and sentenced to 11 years in prison and $50,000 in fines and court costs. He entered Atlanta penitentiary in May 1932 but was transferred to the new Alcatraz prison in August 1934. In November 1939, suffering from the general deterioration of paresis (a late stage of syphilis), he was released and entered a Baltimore hospital. Later he retired to his Florida estate, where he died from cardiac arrestin 1947, a powerless recluse.

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