FOUR FREEDOMS OF THE WORLD

On January 6.1941 president Franklin D. Roosevelt  delivered an address known as “Four Freedoms speech” where he proposed that there were four freedoms that everyone in the world should have. The address was part of  the State of the Union Address to Congress, delivered during World War II(but  before America had entered the conflict) The speech urged Congress (and America)join the war to defeat the Axis powers and work towards universal freedom. There are some great newspaper articals on the speech and it’s influence.

 Roosevelt speech to Congress focused on the war in Europe, eschewing the isolationist polices of the past. The Nevada State journal printed  the completed text of the speech on January 7, 1941. The ” Four freedoms ” section reads, “In the future days , which we seek to make secure , we look forward to a world to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms.

  •       The first is freedom of speech and expression–everywhere in the world.
  •       The second is freedom of every person to  worship god in his own way every where in the world.
  •      The third  freedom from want–which translated into world terms,means  economic understanding  which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants everywhere in the world
  •     The forth is freedom from fear, translated into world terms, a world wide reduction of armaments  to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to comment an act of physical aggression against any neighbor– anywhere in the world.

 Artist Norman Rockwell created four paintings inspired by the speech in 1943 ,each featured in the Saturday Evening Post and then used in the U.S. Treasury to sell war bonds. The Mansfield news journal had this to say this to say about the paintings. ” I’ve seen four dreams — I’ve heard four bugle calls.   Actually they are pictures  painted by Norman Rockwell with ‘interpretations’ written by Booth Tarkington, Will Durant,Carlos Bulosan and Stephen Benet.  

Millions of copies were released under the sponsorship of the Office of War Information. The  four paintings symbolize what President Roosevelt and  Prime Minister Churchill summarized as our greatest rights.

First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt  used the four freedoms in her push for a declarations of Human rights, which was passed on December 10,1948. The Altoona,   Mirror on December 11,1948 stated ; The universal declaration of human rights was hailed as a potential international magna charta   for millions of men, women,and children throughout the world.

 

 

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